Metacognition (Thinking about your thinking)
Metacognition is thinking about one’s own thinking. (Meta = over, Cognition = thinking, so literally “thinking over one’s own thought processes)
This means that metacognition is being aware of what you know and don’t know, understanding what you will need to know for a certain task and having an idea of how to use your current skills to learn what you don’t know.
We as adults use metacognition all the time in our lives, the goal is to teach the students how to use it as well as to make them successful readers.
Think Aloud strategy is the most effective way to teach metacognition to children. The teacher models her thinking as instructing a new lesson, with this strategy the student will be able to follow the teacher’s thinking process.
KWL Chart is another excellent tool to explain this. It’s a chart that has 3 columns titled as: “Know”, “Want to know” & “Learned”.
The “Know” column explains your prior knowledge, the “Want to Know” column is the motivation to read, what do we need to know in this subject and the “Learned” column allows students to use metacognitive skills to categorize what they have learned through their reading
Metacognitive skill is when students can explain where they got their ideas, correct their own miscues or re-read a text because it seems to contradict with their predictions and assumptions.
Plan & Organize: Before beginning a task, set your goals, plan for the task and how to accomplish this task.
Monitor & Identify Problems: While working on a task, check your progress, your understanding, “does this make sense?” & “What is the problem?”
Evaluate: When you finish the task, assess how well you finished this task and how did you use learning strategies & identify which strategy that works best for you to achieve similar task next time.
Improve your own learning: Try and determine the best way that helped you learn the best, identify ways to practice and focus on the task.
Other strategies include self assessments, self monitoring, revising & self questioning will all helps develop the metacognitive thinking during child development stages.
The study of metacognition has helped students to be more aware of their learning process and how to be successful learners by assessing and choosing the best strategy that will help them to learn.
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